International Journal of Health and Allied Sciences


Background: The availability of essential medicines is important in preventing maternal and child deaths. This study assessed the availability of essential medicines in healthcare facilities offering maternal and reproductive healthcare services in Nigeria. Method: This study was cross-sectionally designed using structured interviewer-administered survey questions and site inspections. The study was conducted across all States in Nigeria except three states (Borno, Adamawa, and Yobe) that had security challenges. The survey was carried out between May and July 2019. The data were analysed with IBM-SPSS version 25.0. Results: The mean availability of 17 essential medicines was 58.8%. South-East has a very low availability of 49.1%, North East, South West, and South-South had availability below 60% whereas North-West (71.8%) and North-central (60.2%) had higher availability (p